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Traveling to Brazil and wanna know more about Brazilian holidays? You’ve come to the right place.
As a country with strong religious roots, most Brazil holidays are the same as in most western countries, which makes your life a tad easier while planning your trip.
And although a few Brazilian holidays are famous worldwide, such as carnival, there are many other regional and not so famous regional celebrations that might affect your travel plans.
Unless you’re planning to party, of course.
Either way, you should be aware of the national holidays while traveling to the country because most attractions might be closed or even jam-packed with locals and international travelers enjoying the regional or public holidays in Brazil. (Portuguese: feriado público)
Brazil national holidays and observances
With so many peculiarities, I decided to write this article to explain how the major holidays in Brazil are celebrated.
But also, to talk about what you should expect when traveling to the country as well as to give you a national holiday calendar with major regional observances.
Table of contents
Holidays in Brazil: tips for traveling the country
- Know what attractions you want to visit and if they will be open or not.
- Keep in mind that public transportation might be operating at a lower frequency.
- Avoid planning sightseeing during major holidays in Brazil, such as New Year’s Day, carnival, and Christmas.
Important Brazilian holidays and observances
As said, Brazil is a vast country with distinctive regions; therefore, it’s reasonable to have local celebrations.
I’ll talk about the most important holidays and celebrations in Brazil below.
National holidays in January
New Year’s Day – January 1st
Brazilians celebrate the new year wearing white clothing or another color that represents a wish they have for the year that is just beginning.
That’s a national tradition that is taken very seriously by locals. These are each color’s meanings or what they portray.
- White – peace
- Silver – innovation
- Yellow/golden – wealth
- Red – passion
- Pink – romance
- Green – hope
- Blue – serenity
- Orange – creativity
- Purple – spirituality
Read next: Incredible places to visit in Brazil
National holidays in February or March
Carnival (varying dates) – Somewhere between the end of February and beginning of March
This Brazilian holiday needs no introduction. Carnival, one of our passions, is the busiest and most awaited celebration in Brazil and for a good reason: the energy throughout the country is contagious.
Street parties happen all over Brazil, but they differ in style because each one of them represents local traditions and beliefs.
Although accommodation prices are higher during this period, the carnival is still a pretty good reason why tourists visit Brazil.
National holidays in April
Good Friday (varying dates)
Just like other western countries, Good Friday in Brazil happens on the Friday before Easter.
On this date, many families have lunch together, and plenty of them still prepare a codfish dish as a millennial Christian tradition.
However, it’s important to note that many of them also prepare it because the dish is delicious, not because they’re practicing their religion.
During Easter, bank offices are usually closed, subways operate for slightly shorter periods, shops are either closed or only open for half period, and bike lanes are open during working hours.
Easter (varying dates)
Again, like in other western countries, Easter in Brazil happens on the first Sunday after the full moon of the Spring, or in Brazil’s case, of the Fall.
Families usually gather in a hearty lunch followed by easter egg games for the children.
Tiradentes Day – April 21st
This Brazilian holiday pays homage to the death anniversary of Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, a dentist known as Tiradentes.
He fought for Brazil’s independence from Portugal but was killed on April 21st, 1972.
For this reason, his actions were recognized as heroic. Years after Joaquim’s death, this Brazil national holiday was created, and his hometown changed its name to celebrate this prominent historical figure.
Tiradentes is a beautiful colonial town.
National holidays in May
Labor Day – May 1st
Labor Day is a calm holiday in Brazil. Establishments and shops have their opening hours changed as well as public transportation.
Most museums open on this day but be sure to check that on their websites.
Mother’s Day – Second Sunday of the month
On this day, families usually go eat out to celebrate the date.
Naturally, it’s much more a commercial date, just like Christmas. Either way, moms love receiving gifts.
National holidays in June
Corpus Christi (varying dates)
Around 60 days after Easter, Brazilians celebrate Corpus Christi. Well, by celebrating, I mean rest and enjoy the free day. There is not a real celebration.
It’s also important to note that this holiday in Brazil is a facultative day, meaning employers may choose if they give employees this free day or not.
National holidays in August
Father’s Day – Second Sunday of the month
Just like Mother’s Day, many families go eat out or have lunch together at home to celebrate the date.
Again, it’s much more a commercial date, just like Valentine’s and Christmas.
National holidays in September
Independence Day – September 7th
How does Brazil celebrate Independence Day? Well, on this day, many patriotic parades take place in most cities; however, the largest one happens in Brasília.
With about 4,500 members, the parades have children, students, civilians, and soldiers. But that’s not all. It also includes lots of cars, aircraft, and even helicopters. It’s a real parade.
In other cities, the events are on a smaller scale, of course, but beautiful nevertheless.
National holidays in October
Our Lady of Aparecida Day – October 12th
Many readers ask me, “Does Brazil have any special holidays?” and the Our Lady of Aparecida Day is the most significant one.
That’s because she is the patroness of Brazil. Legend has it that the statue was found by three fishermen who miraculously found loads of fish after praying for the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Hence, the name of the saint. Aparecida means the one who appeared in Portuguese.
Also, one of the reasons she quickly became adored by locals, especially Afro-Brazilians, is because she has dark skin.
And although many churches were dedicated to her, the most significant ones are the Brasília’s cathedral and the National Basilica. The latter is the world’s second-largest basilica.
National holidays in November
All Souls’ Day – November 2nd
The celebration of All Souls is vital for some religions, especially Catholics, as it pays tribute to all loved ones who have passed away.
On this date, cemeteries get crowded and filled with flowers as many people will stop by to say prayers in the graves of family or friends.
Republic Day – November 15th Brazilian national holiday
On this day in 1889, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca declared Brazil a republic after a military coup d’ état to the Empire led by him.
The event took place in Rio de Janeiro, the capital of the country at the time.
Black Awareness Day – November 20th
This day is to celebrate and honor the black community about their great worth and contribution to the development of the Brazilian cultural identity.
November 20th was the chosen date because it honors Zumbi, a free African who was enslaved at the age of six.
He would later return to his homeland and be the leader of the Quilombo of Palmares, a settlement of fugitive slaves. Zumbi died on November 20th, 1695.
Although the date and symbology are beautiful, many Brazilians question the historical purpose of this date because Zumbi is said to have had slaves himself.
Over 1,000 municipalities consider it a national holiday, but not all.
National holidays in December
Christmas Day – December 25th
Yay, it’s Christmas in Brazil. Unlike the celebrations in the northern hemisphere, here in Brazil, it is always warm. Really warm.
The Christmas festivities in Brazil begin on December 24th, when the family gathers for a hearty supper and to exchange gifts as well as cards with beautiful messages.
Also, the streets are decorated with Xmas lights as well as the houses. And the expectation of Santa Klaus (Portuguese: Papai Noel) is huge among children.
Brazil holiday calendar
Brazil holidays 2019: Carnival, Corpus Christi, and Civil Servant Day are considered facultative holidays.
|Jan 1st||New Year’s Day||Federal holiday||Facultative half-holiday on December 31st (after 2 PM)|
|Jan 12th||Founding of Belém||Regional holiday||Belém City|
|Jan 20th||Saint Sebastian||Regional holiday||Rio de Janeiro City|
|Jan 22nd||São Vicente Anniversary||Regional holiday||São Vicente City|
|Jan 25th||São Paulo Anniversary||Regional holiday||São Paulo City|
|Jan 26th||Santos Anniversary||Regional holiday||Santos City|
|Mar 3r-6th||Carnival||Not a public holiday||Sun-Wed until 12 PM – Facultative, but most people don’t work|
|Mar 8th||Women’s Day||Observance|
|Apr 19th||Good Friday||Federal holiday|
|Apr 19th||Indigenous People’s Day||Observance|
|Apr 21st||Tiradentes’ Day||Federal holiday|
|Apr 21st||Easter||Federal holiday|
|Apr 22nd||Brazil’s Discovery||Observance|
|Apr 23rd||Saint George||Regional holiday||Rio de Janeiro State|
|May 1st||Labor Day||Federal holiday|
|May 12th||Mother’s Day||Not a public holiday|
|Jun 12th||Valentine’s Day||Observance||Saint Antony’s Day|
|Jun 20th||Corpus Christi||Not a public holiday||Facultative, but most people don’t work|
|Jun 24th||Saint John’s Day||Observance|
|Jul 2nd||Bahia Independence Day||Regional holiday||Bahia State|
|Jul 8th||Sergipe Emancipation Day||Regional holiday||Sergipe State|
|Jul 9th||State Rebellion Day||Regional holiday||State of São Paulo Holiday|
|Aug 11th||Father’s Day||Not a public holiday|
|Aug 15th||Our Lady of the Good Voyage||Regional holiday||Belo Horizonte City|
|Aug 22nd||Folklore Day||Observance|
|Aug 25th||Soldier Day||Observance|
|Aug 26th||Campo Grande Emancipation||Regional holiday||Campo Grande City|
|Sep 7th||Independence Day||Federal holiday|
|Sep 8th||Our Lady of Light of Pinhais||Regional holiday||Curitiba City|
|Sep 20th||Ragamuffin War||Regional holiday||Gaúcho Day – Rio Grande do Sul State|
|Sep 21st||Tree Day||Observance|
|Oct 3rd||Uruaçu & Cunhaú Martyrs’ Day||Regional holiday||Rio Grande do Norte State|
|Oct 11th||Mato Grosso do Sul Creation||Regional holiday||Mato Grosso do Sul State|
|Oct 12th||Our Lady of Aparecida Day||Federal holiday|
|Oct 12th||Children’s Day||Observance|
|Oct 15th||Teacher’s Day||Observance|
|Oct 24th||Goiânia Anniversary||Regional holiday||Goiânia City|
|Oct 28th||Civil Servants’ Day||Bank holiday||Facultative, but only applies to government and banks|
|Nov 2nd||All Souls’ Day||Federal holiday|
|Nov 15th||Republic Day||Federal holiday|
|Nov 20th||Black Awareness Day||Regional holiday||Alagoas, Amazonas, Amapá, Mato Grosso, Rio de Janeiro e Maranhão States and São Paulo City|
|Nov 21st||Our Lady of Apresentação Day||Regional holiday||Natal City|
|Nov 29th||Black Friday||Observance|
|Dec 8th||Our Lady of Conceição||Regional holiday||Manaus, Salvador, Campo Grande, Belo Horizonte, Belém, João Pessoa, Recife, Teresina, Aracaju, Boa Vista, and Rio de Janeiro State|
|Dec 19th||Paraná State Emancipation||Regional holiday||Paraná State|
|Dec 25th||Brazil Christ Day||Federal holiday||Facultative half-holiday on December 24th (after 2 PM)|
Note: Facultative day is a type of holiday exclusive of Brazil. It means it’s up to employers whether they allow employees to take this day.
Brazilian holidays FAQ
What are the major holidays in Brazil?
- New Years Day
- Labor Day
- Independence Day
- Our Lady of Aparecida Day
- All Souls’ Day
- Republic Day
How many holidays does Brazil have?
Brazil has 12 national holidays, including those whose dates vary, and about 50 state holidays.
What Brazilian holidays have varying dates?
Carnival, Good Friday, and Corpus Christi.
Is carnival a holiday in Brazil?
In theory, no. Carnival is not an official Brazilian holiday.
However, these are facultative days where employers can choose to give or not to their employees. Most do.
Do Brazilians celebrate Thanksgiving?
Not really. Although the date is known among locals, only a few protestant churches and North American descendants celebrate Thanksgiving in Brazil.
Also, we don’t celebrate Boxing Day in Brazil.
Brazil travel resources
I want your trip to Brazil to be unique. That’s why I’ve created several resources that, together with this Brazil holiday guide, will be handy while planning your vacation.
So after reading this article about the major Brazilian holidays, take a look at things you can do in the country.
Moreover, don’t miss my article on the most essential Brazil travel tips, which is an excellent resource for first-time visitors.
If this will be your first time in Brazil, check out my Brazil trip planning guide.
For transportation, check out my guide to avoiding taxi scams in the country.
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Bruna is founder and writer of I Heart Brazil. She was born and raised in São Paulo, Brazil, and traveled extensively throughout the country. She studied Economy in college and Brazilian Culture at home. Bruna is an entrepreneur, digital nomad, co-founder, and writer at other three websites.